Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles leverage energy stored in onboard battery systems to power an electric motor. Vehicles can be of the pure-electric or hybrid electric variety. When depleted, these vehicles can be charged at both residential and commercial locations across Canada.

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Electric vehicles, unlike their gasoline-powered counterparts, generate no tailpipe pollution when they operate on electricity, enabling automakers to achieve fuel economy and emissions regulations.

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Basics of Electric Vehicles

Rather than using gasoline-powered internal combustion, electric vehicles are instead propelled by an electric motor. An electric vehicle stores energy in an onboard battery that is typically charged by connecting to an electric power source. Electric vehicles are also fitted with regenerative braking systems that enable the vehicle to recover and store any kinetic energy lost when slowing down or bringing the vehicle to a stop. Electric vehicles, otherwise known as EVs, are considerably more fuel efficient than traditional gasoline powered automobiles and require minimal maintenance due to its battery-powered composition.

How much energy does an Electric Vehicle use?

Electric car expenditure, like that of gasoline or diesel engines, varies by model and manufacturer. Nevertheless, electric vehicle efficiency is measured in kilowatt hours per 100 kilometers driven rather than liters per 100 kilometers as is typically the case when measuring traditional fuel efficiency. However, using a fixed kilometer measurement as a baseline helps to even out the playing field. With just 15 kWh of electricity, many electric vehicles can reach distances of approximately 100 kilometers.

Electric vehicles are also known for their minimal energy loss during operation and thus are not as energy demanding as their gasoline-powered relatives. A typical electric automobile converts 90% or more of electric energy into driving power, whereas a petrol or diesel engine converts just 35% of fossil energy into driving power. Calculating the true cost of electric vehicle ownership is challenging as the price of electricity varies so greatly across Canada and there are many other factors to consider including vehicle usage, range, battery size and operation type.

What are the costs of Electric Vehicles?

The financial impact of electric vehicle ownership can be offset by taking advantage of clean energy incentives offered on both a provincial and federal level. These incentives, combined with the decreasing costs of electric vehicles nationally, makes electric vehicles a clear-cut winner economically and environmentally speaking. 

Benefits for EV Owners

Electric vehicle ownership can be an extremely worthwhile endeavor as the costs to charge a typical electric vehicle are cheaper than the costs of fuel given the same distance travelled. Vehicle maintenance is a breeze as the lack of a traditional engine and transmission system enables electric vehicles to avoid excess trips to your local mechanic. Best of all, electric vehicles emit zero emissions and are an environmentally friendly approach to transportation.

Cut Costs

Save money on transportation costs compared with traditional fuel

Easy Maintenance

Minimal upkeep and/or repairs compared to gasoline powered automobiles

Carbon Footprint

No emissions whatsoever are emitted from the vehicle during operation
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    Commonly asked questions about Electric Vehicles

    Electric Vehicle FAQs

    Electric vehicles (or EVs) are powered by an onboard battery which stores the electric energy used to propel the vehicle's motor. As electric vehicles travel, their batteries replenish and must be charged on a routine basis, as needed.
    On a full charge, the majority of electric vehicles on the market can achieve a range of 200km to 400km. Given the fact that the average Canadian drives approximately 60km or less per day, these ranges are more than suitable for daily driving.
    Canada is home to over 6,000 electric vehicle charging stations including level 1, level 2 and DC Fast stations. Canadians from coast to coast can conveniently access an extensive network of public charging stations.
    As electric vehicles are usually fitted with lithium-based which means that the battery will weaken over time. Most electric vehicle manufacturers offer a battery warranty that typically lasts for anywhere from 8 to 10 years.
    There are several federal, provincial and municipal clean energy incentives available to be used toward the purchase of a new or used electric vehicle across Canada. You can learn more about clean energy incentives here.
    The average electric vehicle on the market today in Canada takes approximately 8 hours to charge from empty to full. Some electric vehicles have 'supercharging' or 'fast charging' options that can charge an electric vehicle in as little as 30 minutes.
    Most electric vehicles are equipped with charging cables that are compatible with standard household outlets. Some electric vehicle owners opt to install at-home charging stations to provide their vehicles with faster, more consistent charging options.
    Electric vehicle owners can locate charging stations near them with any internet or map search. For your convivence, Sundamentals also has a charging station locator you can find here.
    For the majority of Canadians, electric vehicle ownership is typically cheaper than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles. In terms of energy costs per kilometer, driving an EV is more efficient than gasoline so owners can expect substantial savings on an annual basis. Not to mention, EV owners can expect minimal maintenance costs, if any, over the lifetime of the vehicle.
    Due to battery costs, electric vehicles are usually more expensive to purchase than gasoline vehicles. However, reduced maintenance and fuel savings result in lower costs of ownership vs. gasoline vehicles.